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DETERMINING THE BASIS OF GIFT PROPERTY

        Nonqualified Pensions        

Due to the exploding popularity of tax-deferred 401K plans over the last twenty years, congress has increasingly made them the target of new rules and limits aimed at stemming the tide of lost revenue the federal government has experienced.

 

As a result of these limits, highly compensated executives (those earning more than $120,000 in 2017) at many small businesses are finding it increasingly difficult to make significant contributions to their company's 401K plan.  

ERISA actually prohibits a nonqualified plan from covering all employees

 

Many companies are responding by setting up nonqualified plans that are not subject to government control.

Of course, the plans also are not tax-deductible, but they can be set up any way the employer wants and can cover as few employees as desired.  (ERISA actually prohibits a nonqualified plan from covering all employees).  They can be used as recruiting tools, incentive plans or profit sharing plans.

The big drawback for the employee is the lack of security with a nonqualified plan.  Your company cannot set up an account  in the name of the participant since the IRS would consider that to be currently taxable compensation.  Therefore, a nonqualified pension plan represents nothing more than the company's promise to pay an employee benefits in the future.  

Even if the funds are deposited into a separate bank account, they are always at risk in the event of bankruptcy or a change in management.  Many companies use life insurance policies and "rabbi" trusts to fund their plans.

Is a nonqualified pension right for your company?   It very well may be if your company has several employees who earn in excess of the $270,000 salary cap (for 2017) established for the calculation of pension benefits or if you do not want the hassle of a qualified retirement plan, but still want to recruit and retain top executives.

Keep in mind that the tax benefits of a nonqualified plan are limited.  You will not be able to deduct contributions to the plan until benefits are actually paid to the employee.  Please give us a call if you would like to explore the possibility of establishing a nonqualified pension plan.  Each situation is typically unique and we can assist you in examining your options.

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